Traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) can have numerous effects on a person. Along with physical complications, TBI is also associated with mental and emotions issues, some of which can persist indefinitely. If you or a loved one is suffering from a TBI, knowing the facts is crucial for getting the right treatment, as well as offering assistance if you wish to file an injury claim.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 30 percent of all deaths resulting from injury can be attributed to TBI. TBI is also linked to 2.5 million emergency room visits and over 282,000 hospitalizations. Out of all the age groups, the very young and very old tend to experience loss of life from TBI most frequently. For people aged 65 and older, falls were the most common cause of serious brain injury.
Moderate to severe TBI can also have a number of negative effects on a person, as illustrated by the Mayo Clinic. For instance, physical complications include headaches, brain swelling, damage to small and large blood vessels, dizziness, and seizures. A person may also enter into a state of altered consciousness and in some instances this results in a permanent condition. For instance, coma can last a few days or a few weeks, at which point the person may awaken or transition into a vegetative state.
Behavioral effects have been known to occur. Impulse control may be diminished, and the person may uncharacteristically engage in risk-taking behavior. He or she may also be prone to aggressive outbursts and irritability. Victims of TBI may also experience trouble communicating with others. This can affect both verbal and written communication, as well as nonverbal communication. Social problems are common in this case, which can lead to depression and anxiety.